Cytomegalovirus Test are of two types. These tests are Cytomegalovirus (CMV) IgM Test, and Cytomegalovirus Test. These two Cytomegalovirus (CMV) rapid test are set on the law of gold immune Chromatography Assay and GICA in abbreviation. They use the antibody antigen reaction in detecting the Cytomegalovirus (CMV) IgG and IgM antibodies in human plasma or serum specimen correspondingly. These Cytomegalovirus Test are called IVD CMV test, and the analyze principle are easy.
When a person is exposed to Cytomegalovirus, his immune system is activated and speedily makes antibodies to struggle with the virus. These antibodies are a special type of proteins designed to assault and demolish foreign material that is Cytomegalovirus in this case.
Cytomegalovirus test combines the serum of a person with a thing to which Cytomegalovirus antibodies attach. This antibody antigen complex is calculated, and the quantity of real antibody is determined. If it is positive for antibodies, this serum is tittered or diluted. This test is repeated until and unless the serum diluted grants a positive result. The last dilution of the serum is titer reported, if it gives a result in positive.
If Cytomegalovirus Test is positive for Cytomegalovirus antibodies, it indicates that a person is infected with CMV, either in the past or presently. After a person get infected with CMV, the virus stays dormant or inactive inside the infected body for the life time. The Cytomegalovirus is a member of herpes family of viruses.
These viruses have a special character of being dormant inside the infected body for the life time. However, CMV later on causes infection if the immunity system of a person is weak or protection from antibody weakens. Reactivations of these latent or hidden infections are very common and usually take place without symptoms.
Patients with organ transplant and weakened immune system, including patients with AIDS, are helpless to CMV infection from a number of routes. It included the infection from transfused blood or donated organ, from another patient, or from re-activated a former infection. Before the transplantation, both the donor and the recipient are normally tested for antibody. A recipient without Cytomegalovirus Test should not take an organ from a giver with CMV. Infection of CMV can be related with organ rejection. It can cause sickness such as hepatitis, pneumonia, or death. Likewise, blood is normally checked for infected CMV antibodies.
The CMV infected antibody monitoring test requires five ml of blood. It consumes hardly few minutes for the collection of the blood sample.
Bruising or discomfort may take place at the site of puncture. A person may also feel faint or dizzy. Pressure to the site of puncture reduces bruising. Warmness to the site relieves discomfort.
The result will show negative if an individual has a former exposure to CMV infection.
The occurrence of antibody means an individual has been CMV infected. It may be currently or in the past. The occurrence of IgM antibodies shows a current or recent infection of CMV. A recent infection in a person with HIV is confirmed through other test like viral culture.