Cytomegalovirus (CMV) Infection is a spread of the virus, which can be transferred to a child before birth. Cytomegalovirus (CMV) Infection is normally harmless and seldom causes sickness. For the majority of healthy people who acquire Cytomegalovirus (CMV) after birth, only few signs and symptoms are located.
There are also no long term health problems with CMV Infection. Once an individual becomes infected with CMV, it remains inactive or dormant within that individual’s body for life long. CMV is of two types. They are Recurring CMV and primary CMV infection. At the time of pregnancy, primary CMV infection can cause more severe consequences than recurrent CMV infection.
Though, if an immune system of a person is weakened seriously, the virus may get reactivate. Majority of people with Cytomegalovirus (CMV) Infection, this disease is not a major problem.
Symptoms of Cytomegalovirus (CMV) Infection:
Most adults and children infected with Cytomegalovirus do not develop signs and symptoms. However, others experience the following three symptoms:
- Run down or exhausted
- Swollen glands
Characteristic of Cytomegalovirus (CMV) Infection:
Cytomegalovirus is a member of herpes family of viruses. These viruses are characterized with an ability to remain inactive or dormant in the infected body for a long period of time. Infection of CMV may excrete through bodily fluids like blood, urine, tears, saliva, and breast milk.
Cytomegalovirus (CMV) Infection spreading:
- Till the age of 40, around 50 percent of the adult is infected with Cytomegalovirus (CMV).
- CMV infection is widespread in less socioeconomic areas and areas of developing countries.
- CMV infection is high with these risk groups
- People working with children.
- People with the weakened immune system. They are people suffering with AIDS or people with organ transplanted.
- Babies in utero.
Transmission of Cytomegalovirus (CMV) Infection:
Transmission of infection of CMV takes place from one person to another, and it is not related with water, food, or animals. This virus is not high contagious. However, it spread among young children in pre-schooling and household.
Diagnosis of Cytomegalovirus (CMV):
A majority of infections of CMV is rarely diagnosed. This is because CMV normally produces few signs or symptoms. However, individuals with CMV develop antibody to the CMV which remain in the infected body for life long. For CMV antibody, a blood sample can be taken, followed by next blood sample between two weeks. Urine, tissue samples, and throat swabs identify the virus in the infected body. It is proved expensive to test virus in the laboratory. It is also not easily available.
If the CMV infection is found in the pregnant women, there are some ways to check the infection in the fetus. For detecting the signs and symptoms of infection, Amniocentesis is done to check blood or fetal fluids. Low amniotic level of fluid, enlarged tissue in the brain, and growth of intrauterine restriction are some of the symptoms and signs that signify the infection. In case of an infant, the testing could be done by urine, saliva, or blood.